At the meeting chaired by the President of Ukraine the Head of State Agency of Ukraine on Exclusion Zone Management reported on status of RW management infrastructure development in Ukraine
At the meeting on nuclear energy development and improved security against the use of nuclear energy chaired by the President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko the Head of State Agency of Ukraine on Exclusion Zone Management (SAUEZM) Vitalii Petruk reported on status of radioactive waste (RW) management infrastructure development in Ukraine. Also, the Head of the State Nuclear Regulatory Inspectorate of Ukraine Grigoriy Plachkov, the President of SE «NNEGC «Energoatom» Yuriy Nedashkovsky, the First Deputy Head of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine Committee on Fuel and Energy Complex, Nuclear Policy and Nuclear Safety Oleksandr Dombrovsky, the Director General of the Zaporizhzhya NPP Oleksandr Ostapovets and others contributed at the meeting.
Radioactive waste management is the final stage of the nuclear fuel cycle. So far, the nuclear power plants are the main producer of radioactive waste in Ukraine. Long-term storage and disposal of radioactive waste is conducted by dedicated enterprises that belong to SAUEZM management. Thus, one of the fundamental legislative principles has been implemented: «the producer of radioactive waste doesn’t have a right to dispose it».
«Our goal is to achieve safe radioactive waste management of all types and categories, accumulated during the previous periods, resulted from current use of nuclear energy and will be formed over the next 30-40 years. Ukraine has all radioactive waste management system elements, though some need improvement», - highlighted the Head of SAUEZM Vitalii Petruk.
Especially, due to the restoration of the RW Fund in 2018, the construction of the first stage of «Vector» complex, that had been under construction for 20 years, was finally completed. Now, the priority project at the «Vector» complex is the construction of the repository for high-level «vitrified» radioactive waste reprocessed from the Ukrainian NPPs spent nuclear fuel that should be returned from the Russian Federation.
What is more, the construction of a centralized repository for all spent nuclear fuel at Ukrainian nuclear power plants is an important project at the Exclusion zone today. The project is implemented by SE «NNEGC «Energoatom».
The Head of SAUEZM also shared about the Agency's plans to bring the legislation on radioactive waste management to the European standard and to reduce the burden on the state budget. In particular, two legislative projects were drafted and submitted for the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine consideration: on improving the classification of RW and on the creation of a territory for special industrial use.